Medicinal Effects

Abortifacient - An agent that induces or causes premature expulsion of the fetus.

Acrid - having a hot, biting taste or causing heat or irritation when applied to the skin.

Adjuvant - an herb added to a mixture to aid the effect of the principle ingredient.

Alterative - an agent which provides gradual beneficial change in the body, usually by improving nutrition, without having any marked specific effect and without causing sensible evacuation.

Analgesic - A drug which relieves or diminishes pain, anodyne.

Anaphrodisiac - an agent which reduces sexual desire or potency

Anesthetic - an agent that deadens sensation

Anodyne - an agent that soothes or relieves pain.

Anthelmintic - an agent that destroys or expels intestinal worms, vermicide, vermifuge.

Antibiotic - an agent that destroys or arrests the growth of micro-organisms.

Anticoagulant - an agent that prevents clotting in a liquid, as in blood.

Antiemetic - an agent that counteracts nausea and relieves vomiting.

Antihydrotic - an agent which reduces or suppresses perspiration.

Antilithic - an agent which reduces or suppresses urinary stones (calculi) and acts to dissolve those already present.

Antiperiodic - an agent which counteracts periodic or intermittent diseases (such as malaria)

Antiphlogistic - An agent which reduces inflammation.

Antipyretic - An agent which prevents or reduces fever.

Antiscorbutic - A source of vitamin C for curing or preventing scurvy.

Antiscrofulous - Counteracting scrofula

Antiseptic - An agent for destroying or inhibiting pathogenic or putrefactive bacteria.

Antispasmodic - an agent that relieves or checks spasms or cramps.

Antitussive - An agent that relieves coughing.

Aperient - A mild stimulant for the bowels, a gentle purgative.

Aphrodisiac - an agent for arousing or increasing sexual desire or potency.

Appetizer - an agent that excites the appetite.

Aromatic - a substance having an agreeable odor and stimulating qualities.

Astringent - an agent that contracts organic tissue, reducing secretions or discharges.

Balsam - 1. A soothing or healing agent. 2. A resinous substance obtained from the exudations or various and used in medicinal preparations.

Bitter - Characterized by a bitter principle which acts on the mucous membranes of the mouth and stomach to increase appetite and promote digestions.

Calmative - An agent that has a mild sedative or tranquilizing effect.

Cardiac - an agent that stimulates or otherwise affects the heart.

Carminative - An agent for expelling gas from the intestines.

Cathartic - An agent that acts to empty the bowels; laxative.

Caustic - A corrosive substance capable of burning or eating away tissues.

Cholagogue - an agent for increasing the flow of bile into the intestines.

Coagulant - an agent that induces clotting in a liquid, as in blood.

Counterirritant - An agent for producing irritation in one part of the body to counteract irritation or inflammation in another part.

Demulcent - A substance that soothes irritated tissue, particularly mucous membrane.

Deodorant - An herb that has the effect of destroying or masking odors.

Depressant - an agent which lessens nervous or functional activity; opposite of stimulant.

Depurative - An agent that cleanses and purifies the system, particularly the blood.

Detergent - An agent that cleanses wounds and sores of diseased or dead matter.

Diaphoretic - An agent that promotes perspiration; sudorific .

Digestive - An agent that promotes or aids digestions.

Disinfectant - An agent that cleanses infection by destroying or inhibiting the activity of disease-producing micro organisms.

Diuretic - An agent that increases secretion and expulsion of urine.

Emetic - An agent that causes vomiting

Emmenagogue - an agent that promotes menstrual flow.

Emollient - an agent used externally to soften and soothe.

Errhine - an agent that promotes sneezing and nasal discharges.

Euphoriant - an agent that induces an abnormal sense of vigor and buoyancy.

Exanthematous - relating to skin diseases or eruptions.

Expectorant - An agent that promotes the discharge of mucus from the respiratory passages.

Febrifuge - An agent that reduces or eliminates fever.

Galactagogue - an agent that encourages or increases the secretion of milk.

Hallucinogen - An agent that induces hallucinations.

Hemostatic - An agent that stops bleeding.

Hepatic - A drug that acts on the liver.

Hydragogue - A purgative that produces abundant water discharge.

Hypnotic - An agent that promotes or produces sleep.

Irritant - An agent that causes inflammation or abnormal sensitivity in living tissue.

Laxative - An agent promoting evacuation of the bowels; a milk purgative.

Mucilaginous - Characterized by a gummy or gelatinous consistency.

Narcotic - A drug which relieves pain and induces sleep when used in medicinal doses.

Nauseant - an agent that produces an inclination to vomit.

Nephritic - A medicine applicable to diseases of the kidney.

Nervine - an agent that has a calming or soothing effect on the nerves; formerly, any agent that acts on the nervous system.

Oxytocic - an agent that stimulates contraction of the uterine muscle and so facilitates or speeds up childbirth.

Pectoral - A remedy for pulmonary or other chest diseases.

Poison - A substance which has a harmful or destructive effect when in contact with living tissue.

Purgative - an agent that produces a vigorous emptying of the bowels.

Refrigerant - An agent that lowers abnormal body heat.

Restorative - An agent that restores consciousness or normal physiological activity.

Rubefacient - A gentle local irritant that produces reddening of the skin.

Sedative - A soothing agent that reduces nervousness, disease, or irritation.

Sialagogue - An agent that stimulates the secretion of saliva.

Specific - An agent which cures or alleviates a particular condition or disease.

Stimulant - An agent that excites or quickens the activity of physiological processes.

Stomachic - An agent that strengthens, stimulates, or tones the stomach.

Styptic - An agent that contracts tissues; astringent; specifically, a hemostatic agent that stops bleeding by contracting blood vessels.

Sudorific - An agent that promotes or increases perspiration.

Taeniacide - A substance that kills tapeworms.

Tonic - An agent that strengthens or invigorates organs or the entire organism.

Vasoconstrictor - An agent that narrows the blood vessels, thus raising the blood pressure.

Vasodilator - An agent that widens the blood vessels, thus lowering the blood pressure.

Vermicide - An agent that destroys intestinal worms.

Vermifuge - an agent that causes the expulsion of intestinal worms.

Vesicant - An agent that produces blisters.

Vulnerary - A healing application for wounds.