9.33

Chapter: The Army on the March 9.33
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Translation:

If there is disturbance in the camp, the general’s authority is weak. If the banners and flags are shifted about, sedition is afoot. If the officers are angry, it means that the men are weary.

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Commentary

There are signs amongst the behavior of the troops in camp as to their mood. Ill-discipline leads to audible fights and arguments.

Flags were used as a visible rallying point for troops of any given unit, and are typically set up in camp as they arrive and are not moved. Where flags indicate the middle of a unit, then moving flags show changing allegiances and gathering of forces, which is also a sign of ill-discipline and mutiny.

When men disobey, officers command. When they still disobey, officers shout. The sounds of officers shouting is hence also a sign of rising discontent.