Chapter: The Use of Spies



Thus, what enables the wise sovereign and the good general to strike and conquer, and achieve things beyond the reach of ordinary men, is foreknowledge.


Knowledge is at the heart of all good decisions. Foreknowledge is knowing of future events. When this is not fully feasible, you can learn to forecast useful things such as the weather and the likely behaviors of opponents.

What you should seek most of all is their very real strengths, deployment and plans. When you have real intelligence, this always beats vague guesswork.