Chapter: Terrain



The natural formation of the country is the soldier’s best ally; but a power of estimating the adversary, of controlling the forces of victory, and of shrewdly calculating difficulties, dangers and distances, constitutes the test of a great general.


There are many variables in war. The general who understands and makes use of these increases the chance of victory.

Failure is often a result of failing to address such factors, of not including them in calculations or making poor assumptions rather than seeking clear intelligence.

War is hence more of a science than an intuitive art.

There is much science also in business. Whilst there is room for qualitative analysis and decision-making, a quantitative foundation is always a sound approach.